Wednesday, June 10, 2020
General Information About The US Policy Against Cuba (Coursework Sample) Content: Name:Instructor:Course:DateGeneral information about the united state policy against CubaThe United States policy (economic sanctions) imposed on Cuba are exceptional in analysis of their prolonged existence and of their complexity however, they are steady with the actual objectives or actions of the 1st world power. For this to be explained and understood critically, it is essential to base this study on the following: the history behind the policy, impact of the policy against Cuba, effects of the policy on the united states, and uplift of the policy against Cuba and its effects on the normalization of the relationship between US and CubaThe US. Policy against Cuba is a financial, economic, and commercial. This policy was 1st imposed or enacted by the United States against Cuba on 19th October 1960. They placed a ban advisory on exports to Cuba excluding food and medicine. The main reason for the policy being that Cuba had nationalized American- owned Cuban oil refi neries without having benefits. Cuba had municipalized the refineries because of the decision of Eisenhower to end imports of 700,000 tons of sugar from Cuba to the United States and prohibited export of oil to the island thus, leaving behind Unites State to rely depend on crude oil from the Russian. At present the Cuban advisory restriction is enforced generally through six acts or policies: trade with the rival or enemy act of 1917, foreign assistant act of 1961, Cuban asset control regulations policy of 1963, Cuban fairness act of 1992, helms Burton act of 1996, and the export enhancement and trade consents improvement act of 2000. The enactment and the imposition policies against Cuba by the United States of America has harmed or injured their economy severely. Estimates by the U.S chamber of business say that the policy cost them 1.2 billion dollars on annual basis in lost sales of exports to Cuba and excluding 4.8 billion dollars in export of agricultural produce. It is thus that if the policy had been lifted in advance the normal American farmer would have felt the impact in three years and in turn generates 6000 jobs in the United States. Furthermore, foreign allies such as Canada, Brazil, and the European gradually took market share from the United States industry as they sustained their trade relations with Cuba. Cuba still received tourists and trade from other countries making the United States of America policy against Cuba look both unlawful and meaningless.Barrack Obama as the president of the United States declared his choice to set up discreet associations or ...
Tuesday, May 26, 2020
In todays American society there is a hedge problem with sexism between men and women, especial socially. Women are more social discriminated against then men, you can see this in the media, in a work environment, or even as something simple as just being in a public space. Throughout history there has been this idea of what a women should be or act like. One saying that goes Sugar and spice and everything nice, thatÃ¢â¬â¢s what little girls are made of. This giving the idea that women are supposed to act sweet and dainty, and have this loving caring quality about them, and women who do not act like this they get called things like butch, dyke, or one of those crazy feminists, tom boy, or Ã¢â¬Å"thatÃ¢â¬â¢s unladylike.Ã¢â¬ Some men use terms like pussy, or, you through like a girl to describe another man in a degrading manner. Is this saying itÃ¢â¬â¢s bad to be a girl? Are we as a society telling women that they have to be a certain way or she will get called out for it? How are women supposed to act if there are so many social standards? ShouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t by now in 2016 there by equality between the sexes? If you go on Google and type in the words Ã¢â¬Å"beer commercialsÃ¢â¬ and click images you will see whole pages of Ã¢â¬Å"sexyÃ¢â¬ women holding a beer, or a male holding a beer surrounded by models. These commercials are exploiting womenÃ¢â¬â¢s bodies to sell beer! Not to even mention that they are not advertising any womanÃ¢â¬â¢s body but a tall, skinny, flawless body. Media is some of the first things weShow MoreRelated Sexism in Our Society Essay870 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesSexism in Our Society Sexism has always been a major issue for women. It seems that today, everyone has to be careful of what they say and do so as to avoid offending someone. While everyone is busy worrying about extinguishing sexism towards women - which still is an issue that needs to be taken care of, who is concerned with sexism towards men? Sexism is just as much of an issue to men as it is to women. Many people believe that men have advantages over women when comes to aRead MoreSexism, Prejudice, And Discrimination On The Basis Of Sex1610 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesSexism is the prejudice, stereotyping, or discrimination on the basis of sex. Sexism is regarded mostly towards women. Sexism affects everyone but not effecting everyone evenly. For women, they suffer from sexism socially, educational, political, religious, social, etc. The idea of sexism is that the men have more power than the women. Women get judged differently than men do. Women get judged in the workplace which limits them to certain jobs. The stereotypes that women are under are unbelievableRead MoreEssay about Sexism in American Culture 1224 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthe TV, a car commercial appears with men justifying driving an expensive and powerful sports car by complaining about what females in their lives require. Though women slowly gain economic power, the media never represents them as leaders thus ref lecting American cultureÃ¢â¬â¢s view of women. Sexism prevails in American culture and workforce, teaching sexism while denying its presence. Americans must shift their culture to impede sexism because it oppresses women. Media, one of the most influentialRead MoreSexism And Discrimination Among Men And Fellow Women1278 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesage and all backgrounds. Sexism and discrimination among coworkers is not an everyday occurrence but there is a greater chance among a larger store. Women have fought for their right to vote, have a voice, and have equal rights as men. While the fight for equality in the workplace has come a long way, it is still lacking. Women are constantly facing sexism in the workplace from men and fellow women. The challenges faced commonly in the workplace are stereotypes, sexism, and challenging gender scriptsRead MoreA visit from the goon squad925 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesÃ¯ » ¿ Sexism has been an ongoing issue since man has existed. Some have learned to accept and live with it while others simply will not accept it. Sexism fits into two different types of categories: Benevolent sexism and hostile sexism. In the novel A Visit from the Goon Squad, by Jennifer Egan, many of the characters are sexist towards women.Lou portrays both benevolent and hostile sexism while Bennie tends to portray hostile sexism only. Throughout the novel, Lou goes backRead MoreIs Sexism Still a Force in Our Culture?1212 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIs Sexism Still a Force in Our Culture? Sexism against women has been prevalent for hundreds of years, despite the fact that there is nothing inherently sexist about human existence, or that of other animals. In fact, there exist a number of animal species that are not sexist, and the sustained prevalence of sexism among humans is a topic that necessitates investigation. This paper examines sexism as it relates to contemporary culture, with particular emphasis paid to whether women have overcomeRead MoreRacism And Racism Essay986 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagessimilarities between sexism and racism. Sexism occurs when a personÃ¢â¬â¢s gender or sex is used as the basis for discriminating. Females are more susceptible to sexism although males are also susceptible. Sexual harassment and rape are examples of extreme cases of sexism. Racism occurs when people of a particular race or ethnicity are discriminated against or made to feel inferior. The primary outcome of the paper after comparison is to determine most dehumanizing act bet ween racism and sexism. The firstRead MoreInequality Between Men And Women1315 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Inequality between Men and Women Trisha Stafford American Public University System Mrs. Decter Table of Contents Introduction 3 Defining Ã¢â¬Å"Social ProblemÃ¢â¬ 3 Explaining Sociological Viewpoint 3 Chosen Social Problem Introduction 3 Thesis 3 Defining Sexism 3 Why is it a social problem? 3-4 Statistics 4 Identifying and Defining Four Concepts Related to Sexism 4-5 How is this problem being addressed? 5 Conclusion 6 ReferencesÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Read MoreThe Compassionate Sexist, By Ivona Hideg And D. Lance Ferris Examined Benevolent Sexism Essay1249 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesJournal of Personality and Social Psychology titled The Compassionate Sexist? How Benevolent Sexism Promotes and Undermines Gender Equality in the Workplace by Ivona Hideg and D. Lance Ferris examined benevolent sexism in the workplace. Benevolent sexism appears to promote gender equality, but it actually undermines it by contributing to gender segregation in the workplace. It contributes to keeping women in positions in which they are underrepresented, and keeps them from mov ing up to male dominantRead MoreThe Problem Of Gender Sexism1716 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesare still a lot of powerless groups exist in this world, such as the group of women. The problem of gender sexism exists from the beginning of the history and still continues in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society. Women are still inferior to men in my country, whether from family and job status, social position and political views, women are treated unequal and disrespectful, therefore, this problem needs more abundant attention. Ã¢â¬Å"Sexism, like many forms of prejudice, only survives in a traditional environments and
Sunday, May 17, 2020
The United States has a federal system of government where the states and national government exercise separate powers within their own spheres of authority. Federalism is a system of government where power is controlled by two levels of government, generally national and state. National government mainly deal with issues that affect the entire country, while state deal with smaller issues on a local level. James Madison says that the states and national government are in fact but different agents and trustees of the people, constituted with different powers. Alexander Hamilton, suggested that both levels of government would exercise authority to the citizens benefit: If their the people s rights are invaded by either, they can make use of the other as the instrument of redress. James Madison and Alexander Hamilton had two different ideas about how the national government should work in practice. There are three general understandings of Federalism, they are state-sovereignty, states rights, and nationalism. State sovereignty means that the federal government is merely an agent of the states, while states retain final authority over all their internal matters, even if that results in states ignoring federal law.1 States rights proponents argue that state and federal governments have dual sovereignty, holding power over different realms. By contrast, according to Nationalists, the federal government can exercise its delegated powers even in areas that fall withinShow MoreRelatedThe National Government Of The United States1445 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAbstract The National Government of the United States of America consists of three branches. These branches of government, which include the legislative branch, the executive branch, and the judicial branch, separate the government s power into a form of checks and balances. The system of checks and balances has been set in place to allow the three branches to limit the power of the other branches, this way, no branch is more powerful than the others. Each of these three branches of government will beRead MoreThe United States National Government1804 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesincreasing scope of the United StatesÃ¢â¬â¢ national government. Economic intervention, welfare services and homeland security were never planned to be a part of the national governmentÃ¢â¬â¢s agenda. These programs naturally became rolls of the federal government as time has passed through the needs of the people. The national government has drastically changed over the past 200 years since the original design. During t he civil war and following the great depression the federal government took a major leap inRead MoreGovernment: United States Constitution and National Government1238 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageswas a large amount of controversy. With ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s choice of Hagel for the Secretary of Defense we see a Vietnam Veteran. He Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦ was deputy director of the Veterans Administration during the Reagan administration and later served as president of the United Service Organizations.Ã¢â¬ (US News) Ã¢â¬Å"While Hagel is a Republican, his views on foreign policy alarm some of his GOP colleagues. During his time in the Senate, Hagel was verbose in his opposition to the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, he voted againstRead MoreThe Constitution Of The United States National Government1456 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageslimits of a government or other institutionÃ¢â¬ (Harr, Hess Orthmann, 2012). The purpose of the Constitution was to make it so that no single person would be able to have power over all others. Before the Constitution even came about, there was the first development of the Articles of Confederation. The Articles of Confederation were written after the United States had declared independence from Gre at Britain. It established what the functions of the United States national government would be. Read MoreThe United States National Government And California State Essay1893 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesThe US national government and California state governments each have their fair similarities and differences. For instance, they are very similar involving the president and governor. As the United States of America has a president, California has their own governor as well. Even though they are not entitled to the same exact responsibilities, they each have a huge importance to their people. The citizens of the United States look up to the president, as the residents of California look up to theirRead MoreThe Articles Of Confederation Was The First National Government Of The United States1448 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesConfederation was the impetus its shortcomings gave to those who favored a strong central government. The first national government of the United States is the Articles of Co nfederation. The Articles of Confederation was approved by the Continental Congress in 1777, it was adopted and written by John Dickinson. However, there was a delay in ratifying the articles by the states. It all came down to property out West. States like Virginia and Massachusetts had claimed numerous land stretching from the EastRead MoreNational Park Service : An Agency Of The United States Federal Government2296 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesNATIONAL PARK SERVICE 1.1 Introduction to the National Park Service: The National Park Service is an agency of the United States federal government that was established in 1916 with a mission to manage all U.S. National Parks, some American National Monuments, conservation and historical properties. More specifically the National Park Service was established to protect the nature and wildlife of special areas as well as to improve the experiences of visitors without sacrificing the natureÃ¢â¬â¢s resourcesRead MoreEssay on United States Government and Federalism1473 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagestwo centuries the United States has grappled with the idea of federalism. While former President James Madison had a very concrete understanding of that form of governance, Ã¢â¬Å"In the compound republic of America, the power surrendered by the people is first divided between two distinct governments, and then portion allotted to each subdivided among distinct and separate departmentsÃ¢â¬ (Madison, 1788, p. 67), the United States has never had a conclusive divisi on of power between the state and the US FederalRead MoreEssay on Reducing the National Deficit1071 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesReducing the National Deficit Many United States citizens are unaware of the countrys current financial state. Many assume that one of the worlds wealthiest countries could never be in debt. This is untrue however, and, in fact, the country with the greatest income per capita is in major debt. This study will examine possible solutions to reducing the United States national budget deficit. Understanding the National Deficit The amount of money that the United States government owes as ofRead MoreAmerica Needs The Patriot Act Essay1262 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesdoes little to ensure national security. However, this was not the intention of the Bush Administration, who passed this law. One week after September 11, 2001, the Patriot Act, a law that was meant to strengthen national security, was signed by the Bush Administration to ensure that no terrorist attack would ever harm the lives of more Americans. The Patriot Act gave federal law enforcement agencies what they needed to mount an effective and coordinated plan to stop United States Terrorism. The officials
Friday, May 15, 2020
Symbolism and Theme in William Faulkners A Rose for Emily In William Faulkners short story A Rose for Emily, a series of interconnected events collectively represent a single theme in the story. Symbolism is the integral factor involved in understanding the theme. A Rose for Emilys dominant theme is the search for love and security, a basic human need which can be met unfavorably in equivocal environments. Faulkners use of symbolism profoundly develops the theme of the story, bringing to light the issues of morality that arise from a young womans struggle to find love. Faulkner provides the necessary pieces of symbolism, speckled through out the action of the story, for the reader to assimilate and assemble.Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The hidden watch seems to suggest that Emily has a need to hide the effects of time, and a stronger one to control it. Time has taken all the things she has longed for in life. Things she can no longer recover in a reality based environment, become the subject of the fantastic inner workings of her altered state of mind. When her father dies, she gains the ultimate control in determining her destiny, and Emily is now given a freedom never before experienced under her fathers guidance. Her fathers strict hand in stifling her natural instincts leads to a dangerous form of complacency for Emily later in life. There stands an image of the narrators, of Miss Emily a slender figure in white in the background...her father...in the foreground, his back to her and clutching a horsewhip, the two of them framed by the backflung front door (278), which conjures up a perverse metaphorical portrait of the two. The father with so much power over the life of his daughter, tends only to his own selfish motivations by chasing away any hope Emily might have at happiness. The two of them, father and daughter, trapped in the frame of that house that would lead to the ultimate downfall of the Grierson name. Two years after the death of her father, the committee had paid Emily a visit regarding her taxes. A few months after that visit the town noticed that Homer Barron had disappeared.Show MoreRelated The Central Theme and Symbolism of William Faulkners A Rose for Emily1902 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pages William Faulkners central theme in the story A Rose For Emily is to let go of the past. The main character in the story, Emily Grierson, has a tendency to cling to the past and has a reluctance to be independent. Faulkner uses symbols throughout the story to cloak an almost allegorical correlation to the reconstruction period of the South. Even these symbols are open to interpretation; they are the heart and soul of the story. With the literal meaning of Faulkners story implies many differentRead MoreEssay on William Faulkners A Rose for Emily1539 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesWilliam Faulkners A Rose for Emily As any reader can see, A Rose for Emily is one of the most authentic short stories by Faulkner. His use of characterization, narration, foreshadowing, and symbolism are four key factors to why Faulkners work is idealistic to all readers. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã The works of William Faulkner have had positive effects on readers throughout his career. Local legends and gossip trigger the main focus of his stories. Considering that Faulkner grew up in Mississippi, he wasRead MoreA Rose For Emily Literary Analysis875 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAdopting new ideas allows for both the individual and society to progress. William Faulkner packs the short story Ã¢â¬Å"A Rose for EmilyÃ¢â¬ with different types of literary devices that describes the fight against change in the post-U.S. Civil War South. FaulknerÃ¢â¬â¢s story takes place in the Southern town of Jefferson Mississippi in the late 1800Ã¢â¬â¢s, early 1900Ã¢â¬â¢s. The symbolism of the primary characters (Emily Grierson, her father and the Grierson estate) chronicles how difficult change is in Jefferson. AssumingRead MoreAnalysis Of A Rose For Emily Essay1643 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesBeing An Outcast: Emily As Manifesting Thematic Alienation in FaulknerÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å "A Rose for EmilyÃ¢â¬ I. Introduction Being taught in high schools and universities all across the nation, William FaulknerÃ¢â¬â¢s short story Ã¢â¬Å"A Rose for EmilyÃ¢â¬ has achieved a great deal of both academic and mainstream respect in the United States. In being arguably one of FaulknerÃ¢â¬â¢s strongest stories, and since Faulkner himself has assumed the position of being one of the great masters of American fiction, Ã¢â¬Å"A RoseÃ¢â¬ is undoubtedlyRead MoreComparison and Contrast: A Rose for Emily by William Faulkner and The Cask of Amontillado by Edgar Allan Poe929 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesSubject and theme may be as varied as those within full-length novels, just as the authors individual style plays an inevitable role in shaping the work. That said, there is a common element uniting short stories; they usually create impact due to the brevity itself, which authors typically rely on to make a more direct impression. Condensed, the form offers more overt power, and this is evident in how William Faulkne r and Edgar Allan Poe employ it to achieve distinctly Gothic effects. Ã¢â¬Å"A Rose for EmilyÃ¢â¬ Read MoreA Rose for Emily by William Faulkner Essay967 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIn FaulknerÃ¢â¬â¢s, Ã¢â¬Å"A Rose for EmilyÃ¢â¬ , Emily lives in a world of her own making. This is because townspeople in Jefferson holds Miss Emily in such high regards. To them, she symbolizes the customs of the old south, or what the town Jefferson once was. For Emily and also for the townspeople time is relative, the past is an ever-present realm in Jefferson. For this reason people wish to respect Emily and preserve her customs; even if it means intruding into her personal life, or turning the cheek towardsRead MoreAnalysis of William Faulkners A Rose for Emily Essay1187 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAnalysis of William FaulknerÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"A Rose for EmilyÃ¢â¬ In Ã¢â¬Å"A Rose for EmilyÃ¢â¬ , William Faulkner uses symbolism, imagery, simile and tone. Faulkner uses these elements to lead his characters to an epiphany of letting go of out-dated traditions and customs. The resistance to change and loneliness are prominent themes within Ã¢â¬Å"A Rose for EmilyÃ¢â¬ . Faulkner uses Ã¢â¬Å"A Rose for EmilyÃ¢â¬ to caution his readers that things are not always what they appear to be. The tone of Ã¢â¬Å"A Rose for Miss EmilyÃ¢â¬ couldRead MoreWilliam Faulkner s A Rose For Emily857 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesWilliam FaulknerÃ¢â¬â¢s A Rose for Emily is a dark and tragic tale about a lonely upper-class woman struggling with life and customs in the South. The story deals with themes such as the inevitability of change and the futility in trying to stop it. Faulkner succeeds in creating a suspenseful and mysterious story by the effective use of literary techniques, such as foreshadowing, the themes and symbolism and the unique use of other narrative techniques that elevates the overall suspense in the story.Read MoreEssay about A Withering Rose inWilliam FaulknerÃ¢â¬â¢s, A Rose For Emily540 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesWilliam FaulknerÃ¢â¬â¢s, A Rose For Emily, encompasses various themes, but the theme most prevalent in the short story is decay. Time waits for no one, and for Miss Emily Grierson, time left her behind. A Rose For Emily depicts the motionless d ecay of a woman stuck in time, as her concept of reality is lost. Throughout the story Faulkner characterizes Emily and the atmosphere around her as addled and withered. In the short story, A Rose For Emily, by William Faulkner, a woman is ultimately overcome byRead MoreEssay A Rose for Emily: Literary Analysis 2990 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesENG 102 Analysis Research Paper 09-25-10 Literary Analysis William FaulknerÃ¢â¬â¢s short story Ã¢â¬Å"A Rose for EmilyÃ¢â¬ carries a theme represented by a dying breed of that era, while using symbolism to represent tragedy, loneliness and some form of pride, the story also shows how far one will go to have the approval of others and the pursuit of happiness. In todayÃ¢â¬â¢s times, a personÃ¢â¬â¢s image could mean everything in life and almost everyone tries to fit into the main stream in some form at some point
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Economic, Monetary and Financial Conditions China An efficient economy is an economy where resources are allocated to serve every citizen in the best way so that there will be minimal waste and inefficiency within the economy. China is the short name for the country, but the real name is PeopleÃ¢â¬â¢s Republic of China. China happens to be one of the economies that falls under an efficient economy because it has continued to improve other the past decades. Ã¢â¬Å"Over the past five years, economic freedom in China has improved by less than 1.0 point, continuing its patchy and uneven progress since 1995Ã¢â¬ (heritage.org). Although China has had some rough stages in economy efficiency, they have continued to strive and make it on top. China is one of the most thriving countries in the world today, but it is still classified as a developing country. The population has reached over 1.364 billion and contributes to the 19.06 trillion dollars in exports along with the 19.01 trillion dollars in imports. China has obtained over fifty different commercial banks in their growth to the present, but there are twenty-nine different banks present in their economy. The currency used is the Chinese Yuan and one U.S. dollar equals 6.4 YuanÃ¢â¬â¢s. India India, just as China, is a developing country. India has a current population of 1.29 billion people. The currency used in India is the Indian Rupee, which is worth 66.61 Rupees per U.S. dollar. There also twenty-seven different banks that are establishedShow MoreRelatedOptimal Currency Area1588 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesDiscuss whether the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) is an optimal currency area. To give an opinion on whether or not the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) is an optimal currency area, first an optimal currency area must be defined. An optimal currency area was defined by Pilbeam (2013) as Ã¢â¬Å"A region for which it is optimal to have a common currency and a common monetary policyÃ¢â¬ . For the ECOWAS to qualify as an optimal currency area it must fulfil certain criteriaRead MoreAnalysis Of The Aggregate Demand And The Aggregate Supply Model Essay946 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages(NX). The question caused by monetary expansion. In this essay, it analysis monetary policy, Philips curve which relation between inflation and unemployment.it draws conclusion and apply the theory into two countries which are England and France. Basically, the monetary policy is government s or central bank s policy for controlling of the amount of currency available and the rate at which people can borrow moneyÃ¢â¬â¢. In this problem, the Ad curve shift caused by monetary expansion in Ad-As model. TheRead MoreInternational Monetary Fund And The World Bank1679 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesInternational Monetary Fund and The World Bank, though has a good purpose of their existence, they have come under lots of criticisms as to how they use the leverage of being in a position of helping poor countries to either recover from economic collapse or give them debt relief and economic boost from loans they give out to them to impose policies and condition that those poor countries has to implement. These loan conditions and policies structured by these international financial power institutionsRead MoreMonetary Fund And The World Bank1554 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesnternational Monetary Fund and The World Bank, though has a good purpose of th eir existence, they have come under lots of criticisms as to how they use the leverage of being in a position of helping poor countries to either recover from economic collapse or give them debt relief and economic boost from loans they give out to them to impose policies and condition that those poor countries has to implement. These loan conditions and policies structured by these international financial power institutionsRead MoreChallenges Faced By Financial Managers1396 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesof major issues Challenges posed to financial managers are both in the human assets in its framework and technological advancements. Human asset need extra aptitudes keeping in mind the end goal to satisfy its part. Hierarchical structure turns out to be more complex with enhanced procedures that consolidate innovation so as to gather, investigate and report critical monetary information required in the basic leadership handle. The exploration on how financial managers and their departments adjustmentsRead MoreInternational Monetary Fund And The World Bank1561 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesInternational Monetary Fund and The World Bank, though has a good purpose of their existence, they have come under lots of criticisms as to how they use the leverage of being in a position of helping poor countries to either recover from economic collapse or give them debt relief and economic boost from loans they give out to them to impose policies and condition that those poor countries has to implement. These loan con ditions and policies structured by these international financial power institutionsRead MoreBroken Monetary Policy Analysis1463 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesFed Remains Wary of Broken Monetary Transmission Mechanism During the early stages of quantitative easing by the Fed, many commentators doubted the ability of monetary policy to gain traction in the real economy. The collapse in the velocity of circulation of money was cited as unambiguous evidence that the US economy was firmly in the grips of a liquidity trap. Normally, money velocity moves pro-cyclically as the number of transactions increase as the economy expands. Thus, the sheer size of theRead MoreThe Crisis Of The Bankruptcy Of Lehman Brothers1299 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesstimulate economy by increased spending and restoration of aggregate demand through supply of easy money. Quoting from www.investopedia.com, Ã¢â¬Å"Easy money in the most literal sense is money that is easily acquired. The term specifically denotes a condition in the money supply. Easy money occurs when the Federal Reserve allows cash flow to build up within the banking system. This lowers interest rates and makes it easier for banks and lenders to loan money. Money is therefore easily acquired by borrowersRead MoreBanking, Money and Finance, Article Analysis Essay1520 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages The article is discussing of bank deposits and loans in the monetary transmission mechanism. It would lead the financial system to achieve monetary stability and creation of sound financial structure. The monetary policy implemented by bank can influence the real economy through monetary transmission mechanism such as money channel and credit channel. For example, in the short run, bank may sell off their securities holdingsRead MoreThe European Union s Convergence Criterias : Advantage Or Disadvantage?1586 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe European UnionÃ¢â¬â¢s Convergence Criterias Ã¢â¬â Advantage or Disadvantage? This study analyses the extent to which the Economic and Monetary Union of the European UnionÃ¢â¬â¢s convergence criterias have an influence on the fiscal policy in the member countries, and if there is connection, if this connection is positive or negative for each member state. It will look on the question if it is possible to unite so many different countries under one union, and if you can do this, while the countries still
Carter Racing* David Eccles School of Business University of Utah Ã¯Æ'â Jack W. Brittain, Sim Sitkin 1986, revised 2000 John Carter was not sure, but his brother and partner, Fred Carter, was on the phone and needed a decision. Should they run in the race or not? It had been a successful season so far, but the Pocono race was important because of the prize money and TV exposure it promised. This first year was hard because the team was trying to make its name and so had run in a lot of small races. A successful outing could mean more sponsors, a chance to start making some profits for a change, and the luxury of racing only the major events. But if they suffered another engine failure on national television Ã¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬Å"TheseÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦If we withdraw now, we can get back half the $30,000 entry. We will lose Goodstone, theyÃ¢â¬â¢ll want $25,000 of their money back and weÃ¢â¬â¢ll end the season $50,000 in the hole. If we run and finish in the top five, we have Goodstone in our pocket and can add another car next season. You know as well as I do, however, that if we run and lose another engine, we are back at square one next season. We will lose the tire sponsorship, and a blown engine is going to lose us the oil contract for sure. No oil company wants a national TV audience to see a smoker being dragged off the track with their name plastered all over it. The oil sponsorship is $800,000 that we cannot live without. Think about it -- call Paul and Tom if you want -- but I need a decision in an hour.Ã¢â¬ John looked out the window at the crisp autumn sky. The cars were already on the grid, spectators admiring the gaudy paint, excitement mounting in anticipation of the start. This was what made racing at this level special, the cars on display with crowds mingling around and waiting for the engines to roar to life. In an hour, they would retreat to the stands and the cars would circle the track in anticipation of the start. The temperature sign across the street flashed Ã¢â¬Å"40 DEGREES 8:23 A.M.Ã¢â¬ Ã¯â¬ ª Permission to use, a copy of the complete updated case, and teaching materials can be obtained online from Delta Leadership at http://www.deltaleadership.com/case-studies.phpShow MoreRelatedCarter Racing Case1085 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesCarter Racing Case Situation Bj Carter and Chris Carter are siblings and business partners. They have to decide to run their race car in a high stakes race against tougher competition than they have seen all year. The problem being, their car has failed 7 times out of 24 this season and if it fails in this race, not only will they be out a $50,000 engine, but they will also be out a full season contract from Goodstone worth two million per year. 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Question: Discuss about the Organization Theory and Practice of Change Management. Answer: Introduction: Resistance to change is a common scenario for all organisations as employees do not embrace changes much often and rather opposes them. A number of factors lead to resistance to change, the most significant one being poor change management at the managerial level. The typical reasons accounting for resistance to changes are misunderstanding about the requirement fro bringing about the change, fear of the facts that are unknown, lack of adequate competency level, lower level of trust and confidence, poor communication and exhaustion or saturation. Resistance can also arise fro notions regarding the change that individuals hold. In addition, individuals do not want to bring about changes if they feel that the rewards and benefits that they are getting are not enough as compared to the challenges they need to face for abiding by the change. Individuals who believe that the present way of working is according to the best interests of them do not want to adopt to changes and compromise on their interests (Thomas Hardy, 2011). According to Battilana and Casciaro (2013), people resist changes in an organisation when they feel that the change is not worth of taking active steps. A hard truth regarding resistance to change is that employee often does not have the required experience, skills and competency level to adapt to the changes that are proposed. Another rationale behind change resistance is that individuals do not trust the managerial levels with bringing about the change at the correct time managing them adequately. People also at times are certain that the proposed change is a temporary whim. Managers expect resistance to changes from the employees end nd starts planning for a change management program that allows for effective objectives. Managers view resistance as the means of denying the needs of bringing certain changes in the organisation that can be beneficial for the organisation. In companies, supervisors and managers are the ones to bring about change, and they perceive resistance to change as opposition put forward by the employees against their leadership and management styles and practices. Taking an example from the case study of Walmart, the managers of this highly reputed company of the world have the believe that resistance to change within the organisation is attempts made by the employees to not adopt to new technological advancements. The employees lack motivation for undertaking a continuous complex process involved in practising new technologies and operating them in practice (Benn et al., 2014). The key theoretical concept of resistance as pathology looks into the key symptoms and the implications for the managers. Changes in an organisation initiate with key decision makers. Poor communication leads to resistance to change along with self-interest, feelings of exclusion, lack of trust and dearth of training and skills. Change may be inevitable in the organisation but resistance to change is also a natural phenomenon. There are several ways in which resistance manifests itself. Aggression or hostility is an immediate reaction to change. Tardiness and absenteeism are other signs of resistance. Development of apathy towards work and development of tension and anxiety also indicate resistance. At the distinct levels, additional signs of resistance may be demonstrated. Another strategy adopted by the individuals resorting to resistance is a restriction of output. Resistance as a psychological parameter encompasses the factors pertaining to the psychological needs of the individu als resorting to resistance. Individuals resist changes when they feel that their psychological needs are not met. These needs mainly are self-fulfilment, achievement and sense of pride. Employees may not be liking criticism possessed in a change that the current method is unsuitable or in adequate. Employees may be having the fear of getting lesser opportunities to bring developments in their personal skills that lead to a reduction in their pride. Monotony and boredom may also be a contributing factor. A negative psychology underpins the resistance to change. This may also be due to lack of knowledge of the complete change and the implications of it. The sociological approach of resistance is a significant topic of discussion. Individuals have typical social needs like belongingness and friendship that are vital for informal relationships in an organisation. They are members of informal groups and form to be members of the group for resisting changes. The resistance to change has a prime focus on human relationships and their issues. Employees usually resist those changes that have a deep impact on the social relationships and pose a threat to their security. A change has the power to incorporate a feeling of significant insecurity as it brings forward challenges in the path of doing things in own way. In addition, individuals may face difficulty in giving up the old customs and habits (Clegg Matos, 2017). Social constructivism approach provides a meaningful way of understanding some of the key concepts of organisational culture, including change and resistance. The general assumption of social constructivism is that knowledge is not unbiased and exclusive of embodied aspects of human emotions and experiences. Change is a major subject of social constructionist theory. The method in which change is distinctly shaped by different organisational actors often stimulates conversations about that has equal chances of resulting and not resulting in shared understandings. Resistance may be culturally acceptable in an organisation and may also be thought to be negotiable. However, it may also be unaccepted as a major barrier that is difficult to deal with or difficult to manage. The emotions that individuals have suppressed or expressed at the time of change brought about by an organisation are formed by social relationships within the organisation or outside of it. Scientific objectivism expr esses the idea that claims and methods of any scientific procedure are not or must not be influenced by certain personal interests, value commitments and personal perspectives. In relation to resistance in the organisation, it can be stated that resistance is often guided by personal bias and particular perspectives. This approach is not suitable in the organisational context. It is a value that resistance must only be considered when it is ethical and free of personal commitments within the organisational context (Morgan, 2014). Mathews et al., (2016) highlight that the relationship between power and resistance has been subjected to different theories pertaining to different organisational contexts. A suitable starting point to think about the power-resistance-organisation relationship is to look at the organisation as a site for competition for economic and political gains. The relationship between resistance and power is complex to a considerable extent. While considering the relationship between employee resistance and managerial power, the researchers highlighted that interpersonal mistreatment done by managers, by the virtue of power, leads to resistance and retaliation. Conditions where there is multiple unfairness, procedural, interactional and distributive, there is a higher level of retaliatory behaviour. It is to be noted that such behaviour, exercised when one has the supreme power, characterises resistance and vengeance. The common actions considered by employees are disobeying of instructions by management, leaving tasks unfinished and spreading false rumours about the management and fellow employees. Employees engage in resistance for revolting against negative power exhibition and abusive treatment. In addition, individuals expect unconstructive reciprocity to have a deep impact on resistance and abusive management. Ybema et al., (2016) analyse that positive power authority and an effective communication between the managers and the employees leads to the breakdown of challenges arising in the path of change resistance. When managers and supervisors do not misuse their powers and treat the employees in a justified manner, abiding by all the rules and policies, employees are motivated to embrace the proposed change put forward by the management and are ready to take active steps in this regard. The realities of demands of the workforce are in contradiction with the traditional views of the management. The managers may not be showing interest in considering the inputs of employees in all major decision making processes. On the other hand, if managers consider accumulating the feedback and suggestions from employees, they would feel valued and important as a part of the organisation. As a result, they can be more open to change and ready to bring upgrade their skills and expertise for sustaining th e change (Cameron Green, 2015). Boohene and Williams (2012) have explored the resistance to organisational change and the relationship between power and resistance based on the case study of Oti Yeboah Complex Limited. As per the authors, in situations where managers do not allow for increased participation of the employees in significant matters of the organisation, it is likely that employees of Oti Yeboah Complex Limited suffer from lack of motivation to contribute to change process and therefore resist it. Poor channels of information exchange and communication from the managers end lead to resistance to change in the organisation. The study conducted by the authors demonstrated that if management encouraged employee decision, they gain increased confidence and accept changes. Ethical issues are critical on both the manager and the employees end pertaining to change resistance. It is the duty of the management to abide by ethical principles of deontology and utilitarianism while proposing the change to be brought about in the organisation. This implies that the change is to be for the benefit of the maximum individuals. Moreover, it must be noted that harm is not to be caused to anyone that bring about negative perceptions about the organisation. From the employee viewpoint, if the change proposed has the potential to bring benefits for the organisation at large, the employees must consider adopting the change without putting personal benefits at the forefront. Employees need to work as per the best interest of the organisation since this would bring personal and professional developments for the employees. Both managers and employees must promote and encourage proper work ethics within the organisation (Hon et al., 2014). According to Hayes (2014), change agents in an organisation helps in facilitating strategic transformations. Change agents help in clearing the path for change and eliminating any arising obstacles. The successful change made in an ethical manner needs a psychological understanding of what the actual implications of change are. The most crucial quality of a change is power. The leaders and agents of change can be from any level of the organisational hierarchy. By means of their status, title, expertise and importance the key individuals may utilise power to hold the position of all-important change agents. It is their duty to oversee the whole process of change management and eliminate any growing resistance that is unwanted. Probable change agents usually have power, but they must consider exhibiting the appropriate kind of power in order to be the suitable change agent. Every organisation possess some unique kind of power that draws upon organisational transformation. Watson (2013) states that power and resistance operate together to form a web of relations for influencing the change agent. In such a relationship the potentials for resistance is always there whereas power is seldom complete. Power can be exercised with the help of several points of pressure, and the same is the case for resistance. The struggles are not always repressive as there lies a creative potential when negotiation of meanings is done. Cummings and Worley (2014) argue that resistance and power implicate each other and there are no relations of power when resistance is not there. Resistance can be considered as an adaptive reaction to power as resistance works in tandem with power. In addition, resistance forms at those points where we find the power to be exercised. Resistance opposes power, both diametrically as well as transversely. Such acts of predominant refusal involve power. Resistance is a dysfunctional and illegitimate use of power and literature has put emphasis o n power as utilised for defeating and conflict and overcoming resistance. From a critical viewpoint, power can accommodate the traditional change theory of organisations. Special attention is to be paid to organisational decision-making, structuring, and resistance done against change. Management of power as an incorporated arrangement of normative and cultural assumptions is crucial. Communication strategies and intervention methods are to be believed and noticed as the tools of change agents for the prevention of resistance and effecting changes from different viewpoints for managerial reasons. References Battilana, J., Casciaro, T. (2013). Overcoming resistance to organizational change: Strong ties and affective cooptation.Management Science,59(4), 819-836. Benn, S., Dunphy, D., Griffiths, A. (2014).Organizational change for corporate sustainability. Routledge. Boohene, R., Williams, A. A. (2012). Resistance to organisational change: A case study of Oti Yeboah Complex Limited.International Business and Management,4(1), 135-145. Cameron, E., Green, M. (2015).Making sense of change management: a complete guide to the models, tools and techniques of organizational change. Kogan Page Publishers. Clegg, S. R., Matos, J. (2017). 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Organizational Change and Resistance: An Identity Perspective.The SAGE Handbook of Resistance, 386.